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2006 Ap World History Free Response Dbq Essay


“Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow ... Noted Problems: 2006 is the first time a World History DBQ included a map.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.”

Historical Background: Spanish colonial America and Tokugawa Japan led the world in silver production From 1500 to 1750. In the Early 1570’s, the Ming Chinese government required that all domestic taxes and trade fees be paid in silver.

Noted Problems: 2006 is the first time a World History DBQ included a map. The map was at times used erroneously as a document. Even with the map, some students mistook Ming China as Japanese, and treated the Philippines as an independent state rather than a colony of Spain.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Thesis Should 1. Address all parts of the question 2. Take a position on the question 3. Set out categories for discussion 4. Include Historical Context reference Sample Thesis #1: “During the years 1500 to 1750, silver production became very popular. Spanish colonial America and Tokugawa Japan led the world in silver production. As a result, there were many social and economic effects of the global silver trade around the world. These effects impacted the whole world both positively and negatively at that time.” Thesis is Unacceptable: • Thesis merely restates the question. • First Sentence uses the wrong timeframe • Second sentence just restates the historical background provided. • Third sentence is just a restatement of the question and the writer does not take a position. • Use of “Many” is a virtually meaningless qualifier. You need to specify the types of effect. • Use of “Impacted” is not needed since the question does not ask about the impact of trade.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” Sample Thesis #2: “The flow of silver during the mid-16th century to the early 18th century had a great impact on the social and economic aspects of many countries through trade, effect on land and the value of silver.”

Thesis is Acceptable: • Not especially strong, but does establish the proper historical context (timeframe). • Thesis shows that the student understands the question. • The Student has framed a response that lends itself to grouping in the body of the essay. Sample Thesis #3: “The global flow of silver between the mid-16th century to the early 18th century had many social and economic effects, such as increasing class distinctions in China and Europe, as well as hurting Spain’s economy.” Thesis is Acceptable: • Not especially strong, but does establish the proper historical context (timeframe). • It shows that the student understands the question. • It shows more specifics by making some distinctions between the social & economic effects.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” Sample Thesis #4: “The increased flow of silver during the mid-16th century to the early 18th century caused social and economic effects in all regions connected with the trade by increasing the integration of Europeans in the globalization of world trade, while creating greater economic opportunities and causing growing social divisions within China.” Thesis is Excellent: • Thesis established the proper historical context (timeframe). • Thesis succinctly sums up the different social and economic effects facing different regions. • Thesis previews the POV within the several documents to be analyzed by later in the essay • Thesis would likely be eligible for the “Expanded Core” as a “clear, analytical, comprehensive thesis.” The Thesis Should 1. Address all parts of the question 2. Take a position on the question 3. Set out categories for discussion

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Addresses all of the documents and demonstrates understanding of all or all but one. Biggest Mistake: Listing the documents separately or listing the documents as part of a group does not sufficiently demonstrate an understanding of basic meaning.

Unacceptable Demonstrations of Understanding: “Docs 1, 3, and 5 all reflect the social impacts on China.” “The global flow of silver during this time period caused many disputes and changes between involved countries as seen in Docs 4, 8, and 2.” Note: While the grouping of these documents is acceptable, they have not been addressed properly using specific quotes or examples from each individual document.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Addresses all of the documents and demonstrates understanding of all or all but one. Acceptable Demonstrations of Understanding: “The economic impact of the global flow of silver in Spain during this time period can be easily seen in Docs 2 and 6. Document 2 [Tomas de Mercado] shows that the ballast stones used in the ships on the outgoing trip were replaced by the large amount of silver during their return trips; while document #6 [Antonio Vazquez de Espinos] claims that between 1545 and 1624 a total of approximately 326,000,000 silver coins were taken out of the mines in Potosi.”

Note: There are a myriad of acceptable interpretations of doc’s. The College Board Readers take notes & familiarize themselves thoroughly with the documents. Suffice to say that readers will know a correct interpretation of a doc’s meaning when they see it.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Supports thesis with appropriate evidence from all or all but one document. Common Mistakes: • Student fails to connect the document evidence to the focus of their thesis • Student merely quotes, summarizes, or paraphrases the document

Unacceptable: In doc #8 Charles D’Avenant notes that the British had been supplanted by the Dutch in the spice trade, but have continued trade in the East Indies for “dyed cotton cloth, silks, drugs, cotton-yarn, and wool…” • This is merely a (correct) summary of the document’s meaning, not evidence used IN SUPPORT OF a thesis that has to do with the flow of silver. • The quotation accurately supports the summarization, not a thesis statement.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Supports thesis with appropriate evidence from all or all but one document. Acceptable: “Spain was one of the countries that participated the most in the global flow of silver because of its numerous colonies, highly developed trading systems, and overlying sense of mercantilism during the 16th to 18th centuries. For example, the Spanish colonies in Mesoamerica experienced drastic changes in economy and exploitation of natural resources, as Spanish conquerors put Indian laborers to work mining silver. The exchange of currency was beneficial for the Spanish while detrimental to the natives. Mass amounts of silver left the mines of America for Spain and these amounts were produced by the labor of Indians. (Doc 6).”

• The evidence from the document is used to support the thesis/topic sentence. • The document is used to support the essay, rather than the other way around.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Analyzes Point of View (POV) In at least two documents. KEY ISSUES WITH POV: • Explains why this particular person might have this particular opinion OR what particular feature informs the author’s / intended audience’s POV.

• Must move beyond a mere description of that individual by considering and explaining:  Tone,  Characteristics of the author,  Intended audience,  Intended Outcome that may have influenced the author’s opinion. • Mere attribution (copying or repeating info verbatim from the source line of the doc) is not sufficient.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Analyzes Point of View (POV) In at least two documents. Unacceptable POV Analysis: “Ralph Fitch (Doc #4) is biased because he is British.” or “He Qiaoyuan (Doc #7) is biased because he was a Ming dynasty court official.” • Many students simply state that “an individual is biased because they are X, Y, or Z.” • Students must go beyond a mere description of an individual or defining characteristics. • Student must explain why this fact is significant in the analysis of the document. • Mere attribution does NOT constitute POV.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question The Essay Should Analyzes Point of View (POV) In at least two documents. Acceptable POV Analysis: “As an English scholar, D’Avenant (Doc #8) would certainly have wanted to support England’s own economic gain and any Parliamentary movement that would accomplish this.” This example not only recognizes the author’s occupation, but explains how that relates to the author’s POV.

“Qiaoyuan, a Ming court official, wrote to the emperor that the trade ban should be lifted because there are very high prices for Chinese goods on the market. His motives are suspicious since goods from his native province are desirable and he stands to gain from the lift of the ban, but this also shows a changing attitude of the Chinese on trade with foreigners.” This statement would apply toward rubric categories #2 (Meaning), #3 (Evidence) and #4 (POV) simultaneously.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Analyzes documents by grouping them in two or three ways, depending on the question.

Note: The Student must look for some characteristic that two or more documents share, then create a group under the title of that characteristic. Unacceptable: “Documents 1, 3, and 5 all reflect the social impacts on China, while Document 7 is the only one that deals with the economic effect on China.” A single document cannot be a “group.” However, a single document CAN belong to more than one grouping. Acceptable : “The global flow of silver during this time period caused many disputes & changes economically between involved countries as seen in Docs 4, 8, & 2.” This topic sentence lends itself to document analysis and appropriately ties back to the economic aspects of a thesis.

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question “Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document would help you analyze the effects of the flow of silver bullion in this period.” The Essay Should Identifies and explains the need for one type of appropriate additional document or source. Students must identify an appropriate additional document or source and explain how that document or source will contribute to an analysis of the topic. Unacceptable:

“It would be good to have a document from a peasant.”

• WHY would it be good to hear from a peasant? • How do you think a peasant might have thought about these issues DIFFERENTLY from any of the given documents?

• What questions would an historian be able to answer with a peasant’s PERSPECTIVE that aren’t possible to answer now?

2006 A.P. World History DBQ Free Response Question The Essay Should Identifies and explains the need for one type of appropriate additional document or source. Acceptable:

“It would be nice to see a document from a Chinese farmer/peasant to see if the increased flow of silver affected their lifestyles as Document 3 or 5 suggests.”

This takes the unacceptable answer from the previous example and simply adds a rationale for how it would aid an historian.

Acceptable:

“It would help to have a document from a Japanese merchant, to see if the effects of the silver trade affected the Japanese economy as much as it did the Chinese and Spanish.”

Simple, effective description of an additional document and an explanation of the use/need of it, especially since there were many references to Japan’s role in the trade, but no documents to reflect it.

 

Nick Epps27 March 2009AP World HistoryDocument-Based Question 2006Although the economic effects of silver flow from the mid 16

th

centuryto the early 18

th

century seem to perceived similarly in the separatecountries, the social effects are more biased based on the source’s point of view. Documents 4 and 5 show that silver was the preferred means of payeven though the sources were from different points-of-views (British andMing respectfully), however; documents 2 and 7 show that the Spanish andthe Chinese have different views on their hometown effects. The documents that are in terms of economy prove to be impartialsuch as document 4 which involves an outsider’s view from Britain who isanalyzing the Portuguese’s use of silver for the Chinese goods. In document5, the Ming writer portrays a blatant statement that in older times, a simplebarter for dyed cloth would suffice but with the since the economy isbecoming more desiring of silver, common shops are starting to complicatethings with solid payments of silver. For the Spanish vantage, the prieststates straight facts saying that according to official records, there was anincredible amount of silver circulating. A document that would increase theunderstanding of the economical effects would be a report from an officialdocumenter in Manila that has the ratio between the silver going out versusthe amount of goods from China to show who has the advantage in thetrade- to serve something that has a professional view.

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