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Beowulf An Epic Hero Free Analysis Essays

Heroes Of Epic Proportions

Heroes. We all know them when we see them. The only question is what makes someone a hero? Characteristics of what it means to be a hero are shown throughout Anglo-Saxon core values. One of the most famous works from that time period is Beowulf. The story tells us of how one man, Beowulf, sails to the rescue of King Hrothgar and his people in order to save them from a terrible beast that is threatening not only their lives but also their way of life. The warrior Beowulf definitely shows characteristics of an epic hero through bravery, loyalty, generosity, friendship, achieving something of great value, providing people with a sense of security, and being intelligent.
First, Beowulf showcases his heroic nature through his bravery throughout his quest. Many times during his epic quest, he is not afraid to be brave in every situation. One example from the story is, “So Beowulf chose the mightiest men he could find, the bravest and best of the Geats, fourteen in all, and led them down to their boat” (119-122). This proves his bravery because he was the head man for the Geats. By choosing the mightiest and bravest people, Beowulf reflects that he himself must have been even more brave in order to be able to lead his noble people. Therefore in choosing the brave men he did, not only did he prove how much more brave he was, Beowulf also proved that he was by far and epic hero.

Another way Beowulf displays that he is a hero is through his friendship. By showing friendship Beowulf is able to relate to the people more. Therefore he has the right to give them help in a difficult situation. This is shown when he goes to talk to king Hrothgar and the king says, “Beowulf you’ve come to us in friendship, and because Of the reception your father found at our court” (191-192). This states that the king was indeed very grateful that he had made the journey and as a result he considered Beowulf a great friend. Beowulf shows his friendship in the fact that he didn’t have to come save king Hrothgar’s people, however because he was reaching out and being a friend he wanted to save them from evil. In this instance again Beowulf shows that he deserves to have the title of an epic hero by showing such strong friendship.

Next Beowulf proves that he is a great Anglo-Saxon hero through his loyalty. Loyalty was without a doubt one of the most important ideals upheld by the Anglo-Saxon people. Beowulf was an ideal Anglo-Saxon, therefore he was loyal every chance he got. So it was a big deal that Beowulf showed his loyalty to king Hrothgar in this quote, “I brought the end of Edgetho’s Quarrel, sent ancient treasures through the ocean’s Furrows to the Wulfings; your father swore He’d keep that peace” (204-207). This is speaking of an act of kindness that finally brought Beowulf’s father to peace with Hrothgar’s people. In coming to the aid of the Anglo-Saxon’s, Beowulf keeps the peace and thus shows his loyalty and respect to king Hrothgar for helping his father. Beowulf the warrior gave his loyalty to Hrothgar, which showed that he was an epic hero.

Furthermore, Beowulf can be classified as an epic hero in his generosity. Beowulf was always being generous in every situation. He would accept a challenge even if he knew it might take his life. One of the most amazing ways to show generosity and selflessness is in sacrifice. A great example of this is when the warrior says, “when we crossed the sea, my comrades And I, I already knew that all My purpose was this: to win the good will Of your people or die in battle,” (364-367). In this statement Beowulf is saying that he is willing to lay down his own life if it means he might help save the Anglo-Saxon people. Beowulf generosity testifies again of his heroic nature and epic hero attitude.

Further proof, that Beowulf is an epic hero is when he achieves something of great value for himself. This is described in a secondary source called “Moments in time” which is written by an english major at the University of Memphis. He says, “They undertake long, dangerous journeys, or quest, to achieve something of a great value to themselves or their people” (‘Moments in time”). Beowulf always took every problem he heard about on himself. The reason being is because he wanted to gain immortality for himself. This characteristic of an epic hero is shown through this quote, “Proclaiming that he’d go to that famous king, Would sail across the sea to Hrothgar, Now when help was needed” (114-116). Beowulf did not sail off to rescue Hrothgar’s people right away, but instead waited till he was sure that he was the only one that could do the task. The reason he did this is because he wanted to gain immortality, something that was very important for a hero. Therefore, Beowulf took a long quest in order to gain something of great value for himself which shows that he is in fact and epic hero.

Also Beowulf can be described as a great hero because he provides the people with safety. An essay written about Beowulf describes it this way, “An Anglo-Saxon hero is a person who has good leadership qualities, is able and willing to provide people with a sense of security, and is willing to go into danger despite possible harm to themselves” (“Epic of Beowulf Essay”). People think of a person very highly when they feel safe with them. This element of an epic hero is described when Beowulf says, “I have come so far, Oh shelterer of warriors and your people’s loved friend, That this one favor you should not refuse me-That I, alone and with the help of my men, May purge all evil from this hall” (162-166). Beowulf says that he wants to purge all evil from their land. In doing so he is providing the people with a sense of confidence that they are safe and secure. Beowulf’s words cause the people to feel a sense of ease, which gives evidence that he is an epic hero.

Finally Beowulf earns the title of an epic hero through being very intelligent. In doing so he fulfills what Christopher Garcia says, “In Anglo-Saxon culture and literature, to be a hero was to be a warrior. A hero had to be strong, intelligent, and courageous” (“The Anglo-Saxon Hero”). When someone is in a form of leadership the people expect them to give them smart or intelligent advice. Not only intelligent advice but also to set an example before them that is intelligent. Beowulf’s reaction when Grendel arrives shows this final characteristic of a hero, “Then he stepped to another Still body, clutched at Beowulf with his claws, Grasped at a strong-hearted wakeful sleeper- And was instantly seized himself,” (427-430). Beowulf is very courageous and intelligent in the way he decides to confront Grendel. You could say that Grendel is tricked by Beowulf because he pretends to be asleep and doesn’t move to attack him until it’s too late. The intelligent and cunning tactic Beowulf uses to defeat Grendel is another way that he definitely earns the right to be called an epic hero.

Throughout the story, Beowulf is constantly displaying characteristics of an epic hero. First of all Beowulf displays the four pillars of Anglo-Saxon which include bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship (Element of Literature, “The Anglo-Saxons” 2). He also gets something of great value for himself. Beowulf also gives the people a sense of safety and security. His intelligence is also another way his heroic behavior is shown. There are many heroes throughout time but as far as epic heroes go, Beowulf really takes the cake.

Works Cited
"Epic of Beowulf Essay - Beowulf as Anglo-Saxon Hero :: Epic Beowulf herobeo." Free Essays, Term Papers, Research Paper, and Book Report. Web. 3 Oct. 2012. <http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=5566>.
Garcia, Christopher. "The Anglo-Saxon Hero." Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems | | Pace University. Web. 3 Oct. 2012. <http://csis.pace.edu/grendel/Proj2004A1/hero.html>.
Holt, Rinehart. Elements of literature [Gr. 12] Literature of Britain with world classics.. Austin [Tex.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2000. Print. (from Beowluf pg.21)
Holt, Rinehart. Elements of literature [Gr. 12] Literature of Britain with world classics.. Austin
"Moments in Time: The Anglo-Saxon Epic Heroes." Moments in Time. Web. 3 Oct.2012.<http://daretodreamthinkdo.blogspot.com/2008/04/anglo-saxon-epic-heroes.html>.





In reading the epic poem of Beowulf, the main character, Beowulf, has the
characteristics of an epic hero by showing skill and courage, enduring fame, and royal
responsibility . In the epic poem of Beowulf, Beowulf shows extraordinary and almost
superficial skill and courage at the Slaying of Grendel, the Troll-Wife, and the Dragon. Due to
the courageous slaying of  the unwanted creatures Beowulf also becomes accustomed to the
idea of enduring fame. Beowulf also must accept the concept of protecting his people as a
royal responsibility. The epic poem begins with the slaying of Grendel. In the slaying of the
abnormally large creature Beowulf shows portentous skills and courage.
Beowulf's shows extraordinary skill and courage; which is an example of an epic
hero. In the poem of Beowulf, Beowulf shows courage and skill by slaying Grendel without
the use of a shield or sword. The reason why Beowulf decides to kill Grendel with out the use
of any armor is because Beowulf feels that he should have no advantages over Grendel. By
conquering Grendel without any armor Beowulf proves to the people that he truly is
courageous and skillful. The following paragraph shows the reader just how courageous  he
really is
"I count myself weaker in war or grapple of battle than Grendel
himself. Therefore i scorn to slay him with sword, Deal deadly
wound, as i well might do-nothing he knows of a noble fighting,
Of thrusting and hewing and hacking of shield" (L 507-513)
Beowulf also shows skill and courage when he defeats the Troll Wife. (The mother of
Grendel) After the killing of many Thanes in the Mead Hall Beowulf is able to kill The Troll
Wife with the use of the Hrunting. He defeats The Troll Wife with a thrust at the throat, which
broke through the bone rings of The Troll Wife. Once again Grendel exemplifies the
characteristics of an epic hero. Beowulf also shows skill and courage in the killing of the
Dragon. In the slaying of the Dragon, Beowulf  was willing to sacrifice his life so that the
gruesome Dragon would be killed. Due to Beowulf's extraordinary skill and courage Beowulf
shows royal responsibility.
Beowulf shows another characteristic of an epic hero by carrying out his royal
responsibilities. When the kingdom is given to him to govern Beowulf realizes that it is his duty
to govern and protect his people, for it is his royal responsibility. Even though he has aged
when the dragon comes about, he has to protect his people for it is now a duty that he must
subject to. In the following passage from Beowulf, Beowulf explains why he must carry out
his royal responsibility
" I remember it all... for all such gifts that Hygelac gave me I repaid him in
battle with shining sword, as chance was given. He granted me land, A
gracious dwelling and goodly estate. I was always  before him alone in wan.
While the sword holds out that has served me well. With hand and hard blade, i
must fight for the treasure" (L 567-572)
Although Beowulf is fragile and old when the Dragon comes about Beowulf realizes that he
has repay his people by killing the Dragon. Beowulf feels that he was given so much from his
people and the killing of the dragon is his royal responsibility. The killing of Grendel, The Troll
wife, and the Dragon, have all been Beowulf's royal responsibility. Beowulf also becomes
accustomed to the idea of enduring fame by taking royal responsibility..
Beowulf demonstrates another characteristic of an epic hero through the concept of
enduring fame. The characteristic of enduring fame comes about when Beowulf slays Grendel,
The Troll, and the Dragon. After the slaying of the Grendel and The Troll Wife Beowulf is
regarded as a hero by many Thanes. When Beowulf kills Grendel,  Beowulf  encounters
Heorot where he awards Beowulf with  gold, a banner embroided, a byrny and a helm. When
having a feast in the honor of Beowulf,  Wealtheow proclaims a speech to Beowulf:
"Take, dear Beowulf, collar and corselat. Wear these treasures with right
good will! Thrive and prosper and prove your might. You have earned the
underling honor of heroes. May fate show favor while life shall last! I wish
your hearts content" (L 775-780)
Beowulf also becomes accustomed to the idea of enduring fame when the land is given to
Beowulf to govern. He also receives recognition when he dies. At the end of this

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Related Topics

BeowulfGeatsAnglo-Saxon paganismEnglish folkloreEnglish-language filmsThe DragonGrendelHrothgarHeorotHruntingWealheowHygelac

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