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5 Functions Of Management Essay

Henri Fayol was one of the first theorists to define functions of management in his 1916 book “Administration Industrielle et Generale”. Henri Fayol identified 5 functions of management, which he labelled: planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling. Henri Fayol theorized that these functions were universal, and that every manager performed these functions in their daily work.

Henri Fayol also identified 14 general principles of management and organizing, which can be read about in the article: What are Henri Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management? In part, these 14 principles give normative guidance on how managers might master and execute their 5 managerial functions effectively.

Below, a short description of the five functions is presented.

Planning
Managers must plan for future conditions, develop strategic objectives and secure the achievement of future goals. Therefore, managers must evaluate future contingencies affecting the organization, and shape the future operational and strategic landscape of the company.

Organizing
Managers must organize the workforce in an efficient manner and structure and align the activities of the organization. Managers must also train and recruit the right people for the job, and always secure a sufficiently skilled and educated workforce.

Commanding
Managers must supervise subordinates in their daily work, and inspire them to achieve company goals. Likewise it is the responsibility of managers to communicate company goals and policies to subordinates. The commanding of subordinates should always be consistent with company policies, and every manager should treat subordinates in line with the standards of the company.

Coordinating
Managers must harmonize the procedures and activities performed by the company, meaning that every activity of each organizational unit should complement and enrich the work of another.

Controlling
Managers must control that company activities are in line with general company policies and objectives. It is also the responsibility of the manager to observe and report deviations from plans and objectives, and to make initiatives to correct potential deviations.

The five functions theory of Henri Fayol is a very normative and functional view on management, and the theory might not fully convey the managerial complexities faced by managers in their daily work. As such, Henry Fayol’s five functions focus very little on informal relationships between managers and subordinates, and do not touch very much upon how to develop and maintain a motivated workforce.

The 5 functions put forward by Henri Fayol may therefore not completely represent the total complexity faced by managers, and the normative approach may be too rigid to illustrate which functions managers need to perform in modern contemporary companies and organizations. However, the 5 functions presented by Henri Fayol give a structured overview of several tasks needed to be performed by all managers, which gives managers an initial overview of which main functions they should be focusing on in their daily work.

Other theorist such as Frederick Herzberg and Elton Mayo focused more of their attention to trying to explain how people are motivated, and on which motivational factors can secure a satisfied and motivated workforce.
 

Implementing the Five Functions of Management Essay

1354 WordsMar 8th, 20126 Pages

Implementing the five functions of Management
Margaret E. Bridges
MGT 330
Thomas Kook
12/19/2011

The five functions of management practices are planning, leading, organizing, staffing and controlling. These functions are essential to forming a successful company with high revenues. Working in the healthcare field I have found that these functions are important to running a successful company. My current employer sets standards to follow and takes corrective action to ensure all standards are followed. All employees know their tasks daily and have opportunities to dispute their duties if now satisfied. The five functions of management are essential to performing our daily duties and help to keep the company…show more content…

They plan orientations, insurance meetings, drug tests, and background checks on all employees. It is very important to plan each of these aspects on certain days and times. Planning out payroll allows the department to ensure funds are distributed correctly. Planning is implemented in the nursing department to. Our supervisors plan out the day by creating schedules for each employee, letting us know where we will be working and what our daily tasks are. Not setting or planning out daily tasks will leave employees feeling less motivated.
LEADING:
Leading is effective because it requires the management to motivate, communicate and effectively have power to some degree. Management becomes personal with all our employees. This allows them to understand all our personalities, attitudes and emotions. Our managers have the attitude that it is important to build positive relationships and engage I problem solving with each employee. Our executive director manages the entire facility. She holds daily meetings to be informed of facility and employee issues, such as employee call ins and patient needs. The director is good at rewarding departments for satisfactory work. Receiving positive feedback from our patients is rewarded constantly. Lower management includes the director of nursing. The director of nursing hands out daily assignments and follows up to make sure are tasks are completed in a timely manner. We are rewarded with items such as

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