Ask teachers to describe the impact they hope to have on their students, and most will eventually say something along these lines: I want my students to grow into responsible citizens. I want my students to participate in society in an active, productive way.
And maybe: I want my students to change the world.
But how many of us know how to make that happen, really? Can we explicitly teach students how to change the world? If this question has been whispering in the back of your mind, the resources in this collection will help.
What is social justice, and how does it fit into the curriculum?
The National Association of Social Workers defines social justice as “the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political and social rights and opportunities.” To study social justice is to learn about the problems that dramatically impact quality of life for certain populations, and how people have worked to solve those problems.
If you teach social studies, you’ll have no trouble finding direct curricular links to social justice. The National Curriculum Standards for the Social Studies includes Civic Ideals and Practices as one of its 10 Themes of Social Studies, and this includes an emphasis on learning how to get involved in influencing public policy. In history and social studies class, social justice teaching is a natural fit.
In other content areas, teachers disagree over whether social justice has a place. We put ourselves in a vulnerable position by exploring issues that are seen as more controversial than others (a topic I will get into in the next section), and some teachers prefer to completely steer clear of those kinds of complications. For others, social justice was a driving force in why they became teachers, and they weave it into whatever content they are teaching. If you choose to address some or all of these issues in your classroom, the next section offers some tips for doing it effectively.
Some Advice for Teaching Social Justice
As an undergraduate, I served as a student counselor for three years and a resident assistant (RA) for one. I regularly delivered workshops on social justice topics, and I learned a few important lessons along the way. Here are some things to keep in mind when studying social justice issues with your students:
- Make getting to know students a key component of any social justice teaching. If you and your students don’t spend time examining your own backgrounds, biases, and beliefs, you will be missing an essential component of any social justice curriculum. We all view every social justice issue through the lens of our own experience, and these different lenses can block our growth and learning if we aren’t aware of them. If we fine-tune our self-awareness, our individual lenses can richly inform classroom conversations and help us understand issues on a much deeper level, directly from each other.
- Know that not all students feel the same way about these issues. Most, if not all, of these resources have been created from a pretty liberal, progressive viewpoint. For example, one of the lessons in the Teaching Tolerance series described below is on Confronting Unjust Laws. The lesson uses California’s Proposition 8 as an example of an unjust law. But not all of your students (or their families) will see a law like Prop 8 as unjust. In fact, some may strongly oppose same-sex marriage. That doesn’t mean you can’t successfully talk about controversial issues; in fact, teaching students how to respectfully discuss an issue with people who don’t share their opinions is a lesson that will serve them for the rest of their lives.
- Familiarize yourself with the material before teaching. Sometimes we just skim materials before we teach. With social justice topics, this would be a mistake. Not knowing exactly what’s in all of your teaching materials, including the texts or videos you and your students will be looking at, can leave you vulnerable to problems when unexpected content pops up.
- Keep your administrator in the loop. As with any potentially controversial lesson, it is essential that you talk to your administrator about it ahead of time. Show the curricular connections between your planned lessons and the standards you’re teaching. Talk about potential problems or objections that may come up and how you both plan to address them. That way, if your administrator gets a phone call from a concerned parent, she or he won’t be blindsided.
When I set out to find good resources for social justice teaching, I was looking for classroom-ready materials, lesson plans with supplementary texts or videos that would prompt students to learn about, think about, and talk about social justice issues. I also hoped to find some that would actually teach students about activism, about how a citizen zeroes in on a problem, formulates a solution, then does the grassroots work necessary to see that solution come to life.
Some of these resources fit the bill perfectly, especially the first one on the list. Others do not include lesson plans at all, but serve such an important and innovative role in social justice education, I thought they were essential to include here.
Anti-Defamation League: Current Events Classroom
The ADL’s Current Events Classroom is a collection of lesson plans that use current events as a springboard. For example, What is the School-to-Prison Pipeline?, a lesson for high school students, has students watch the video of the South Carolina police officer who flipped a student out of her chair. The rest of the lesson has students study and discuss the impact of zero-tolerance policies in schools, statistics on the connection between school suspensions and the juvenile justice system, and their own school discipline policy. The end of the lesson offers students a choice of next steps for taking action on this issue.
Most of the lessons in the collection are written for middle and high school students on a wide range of topics including anti-Muslim bigotry, the refugee crisis, homelessness, cyberbullying, and gender stereotypes. The longer I look at this collection, the more impressed I am with it. Definitely worth a look.
Update: Since publishing this post, a few readers have pointed out that some of ADL’s other website content (separate from this curriculum) takes a strong stance on issues relating to Israel and may offend some users. I still feel that this curriculum contains incredibly valuable lessons on very recent events that you won’t find anywhere else, but this reinforces my second and third points above: Know your audience, and read through the materials carefully. For more details on this issue, please read the comments below.
Teaching Tolerance: Classroom Resources
This award-winning organization comes up most often any time social justice teaching is discussed. There’s lots to explore on their site, including the Classroom Resources section, which is loaded with lesson plans and other resources teachers can use for free in their classrooms. One of these lessons is Confronting Unjust Practices, where students learn about the anti-segregation actions taken by the Freedom Riders and the attack on one of these buses in Anniston, Alabama (pictured above).
Other lessons from this library include What is Ageism?, Unequal Unemployment, and What Makes a Family? Lessons are available for elementary, middle, and high school students.
No lesson plans here: DoSomething.org is an outstanding organization whose goal is to support the work of young people who want to make a difference in their world. Students browse through a big list of campaigns, public education and activism projects students can launch right in their own communities, and choose one or more that they’d like to participate in. Once they have finished a campaign, students submit a photo or video to prove they completed the required steps. This entry makes them eligible to win prizes, including scholarships. Currently, only U.S. students are eligible for these scholarships, but DoSomething.org is expanding into other countries as well.
Although this site will not help you do any direct instruction about social justice, it provides incredible opportunities for students to actively participate in social justice projects. Most campaigns are just right for high school students, and some would be appropriate for middle schoolers as well. Some topics may be considered risque, so review the content before introducing it to students.
On a related note, DoSomething.org is the organization where Katia Gomez, the college student who started her own school in Honduras (featured in the first Cult of Pedagogy documentary last year), got her start. One more bit of trivia that totally doesn’t matter but might if you are a Melrose Place fan: DoSomething.org was co-founded by 90’s heartthrob Andrew Shue. Squeee!!
The Global Oneness Project
The Global Oneness Project offers a beautiful collection of multicultural films, photo essays, and articles that “explore cultural, social, and environmental issues with a humanistic lens.” Many of the featured stories are paired with a lesson plan for high school or college classrooms, aligned with Common Core and national standards.
One such pairing starts with the film Amar, which follows a young Indian boy living in a high-poverty neighborhood through a typical day that includes rising before dawn to do one of his two jobs and attending school. The accompanying lesson plan is called A Day in the Life, which has students examine the film and other resources related to the economic situation in India.
The films are truly stunning. This collection doesn’t include explicit teachings in any kind of civics or grassroots activism, but it will provide students with a deep understanding of lives completely unlike their own. And that kind of empathy is one of the most important building blocks for any kind of social justice action.
Pushing the Edge: Social Justice Resources Collection
Educator Greg Curran’s podcast covers a range of educational topics, but quite a few episodes circle around issues of social justice. Recently, he curated these resources into a Social Justice Resources Collection. These episodes will be mainly useful for teachers to educate themselves about social justice education: what complications and questions come up, helpful do’s and don’ts, and why it’s worth it. He interviews practicing teachers and administrators who are walking the walk with social justice teaching. Listening to them will give you a template from which to build your own practice.
Here’s an example of one episode, where Curran interviews Nakisha Hobbs, principal of the Village Leadership Academy, a k-8 social justice school in Chicago.
GLSEN: Educator Resources
For teachers who want to include consideration of LGBT issues in their study of social justice, a great source for materials is GLSEN, the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network. offers a nice collection of educator guides and lesson plans.
Here are a few examples: The ThinkB4YouSpeak Guide for Educators includes lesson plans, resources, and tips for teachers for addressing anti-LGBT language in the 6-12 classroom. Unheard Voices is a collection of audio interviews with “individuals who bore witness to or helped shape LGBT history in some way.” And the Day of Silence Guide shows educators how to run a Day of Silence awareness campaign in their schools.
Educational Video Center
I love this idea: The Educational Video Center teaches students the skills of documentary filmmaking, telling important stories in the name of social justice. Although the EVC holds after-school workshops only for students in New York City, they do offer professional development for teachers anywhere who want to learn how to teach these skills to their own students.
Alumni of the EVC have created documentaries on everything from criminal justice to domestic violence to mental health. You can view a collection of trailers for student-created documentaries here.
The Two Dollar Challenge
The Two Dollar Challenge is a challenge issued to people who want to make an impact on poverty. The challenge is simple: For 5 days, live on just $2 per day, publicizing the complexities of global poverty and helping to raise funds for a partner organization.
What’s most striking about this organization is their emphasis on cultivating a deep respect for people affected by poverty and raising participants’ awareness of their own privilege. One look at the project’s code of conduct shows just how serious they are about that mission: “At all times participants must respect those nearby who are truly in need. If at any time those taking the Challenge are using resources which are valuable for indigent residents in the area this action must be re-evaluated.”
Stirring Up Justice
Laurel Schmidt, Education Leadership, May 2009
Explores the value and process of teaching students about activism. Offers a template for how to engage students in authentic conversations about difficult issues, ask themselves what they can do about social justice issues, consider ways they have already acted in the past, study how other kids and young adults have successfully solved problems, and participate in their own social justice projects.
Turning Current Events Into Social Justice Teaching
Jinnie Spiegler, Edutopia, January 6, 2016
Spiegler, the curriculum director for the Anti-Defamation League (the first resource in this post) offers advice on teaching social justice topics in a way that’s both sensitive and productive.
Educolor, an organization dedicated to an equitable, just education for everyone, maintains this list of books, movies, articles, and websites that will educate teachers and students on issues of social justice, especially as it pertains to educational equity.
The Best Teacher Resources Sites for Social Justice
Larry Ferlazzo, Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day, July 1, 2008
A big list of resources related to social justice education.
What Are Your Favorite Social Justice Resources?
This is by no means an exhaustive list. If you have a resource you like to use for teaching about social justice, please share it in the comments below. ♦
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To help educators teach about the Supreme Court's decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, Education World offers this special lesson planning resource. Included: Links to more than 3 dozen lessons.
In the Supreme Court's landmark Brown v. Board of Education desegregation ruling on May 17, 1954, the Court unanimously ruled that it was unconstitutional to separate students on the basis of race.
"Brown broke the back of American apartheid." So said Theodore Shore, associate director-counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. "It was a case that finally breathed life into the 14th Amendment for African-Americans."
Education World has hunted down the best online lesson plans we could find for teaching students about this important case. One of the first places we looked was on Tolerance.org. There, we found a number of Brown v. Board of Education classroom activities and resources for students in grades 7-12:
The Landmark Supreme Court Cases, a joint offering from Street Law and The Supreme Court Historical Society, presents a handful of lesson plan ideas:
- Brown v. Board of Education Background
- Brown v. Board of Education: Does Treating People Equally Mean Treating Them the Same?
Think about several scenarios (provided) and discuss or write an answer to these questions: Does treating people equally mean treating them the same? What would it mean to treat people equally in these situations? (Grades 3-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: Key Excerpts from the Majority Opinion
The decision was unanimous. Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the opinion of the Court. Excerpts and discussion questions included. (Grades 6-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: Classifying Arguments for Each Side of the Case
Decide if each argument supports Brown's side against segregation, the Board of Education of Topeka's position in favor of segregation, both sides, or neither side. (Grades 6-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: How a Dissent Can Presage a Ruling: The Case of Justice Harlan
Read excerpts from Justice Harlan's dissent and Chief Justice Warren's majority opinions. The justices clearly share the same opinion of the constitutionality of segregation. Can you determine how their opinions differ? (Grades 6-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: Political Cartoon Analysis
Analyze political cartoons in terms of their relation to the Brown v. Board of Education case. What is the artist's message in the cartoons? Is there a political bias in the cartoons?
- Brown v. Board of Education: Conflict at Little Rock
Use questioning methods to explore the Little Rock integration crisis from the perspective of Central High School students. Also, explore the context for thinking about the crisis, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board, and the 1957 crisis in Little Rock. (Grades 6-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: All Deliberate Speed?
Explore how quickly schools should be, and were, desegregated after the Brown v. Board decision. (Grades 6-12)
- Brown v. Board of Education: If You Were a Supreme Court Justice
Read descriptions of school segregation cases that came before the Supreme Court after the Brown v. Board of Education decision. Taking into consideration what you know about the spirit in which the Brown case was written, how would you decide each case?
The New York Times Learning Network offers several lessons of interest:
- Learning the Hard Way
Explore instances of segregated education around the world; support and refute the idea through debate and persuasive-essay writing. (Grades 6-12)
- Revisiting 'Separate But Equal'
Examine the notion of "separate but equal" by reading the New York Times front page from the Brown v. Board of Education decision and by researching different events, legislation, and organizations that influenced desegregation. (Grades 6-12)
- Schools of Thought on Segregation: Exploring Differing Viewpoints
Analyze how education in America affects its youth and the nation by assessing a variety of ways in which American courts and communities are dealing with the unanimous Supreme Court ruling to end "separate but equal" education. (Grades 6-12)
ADDITIONAL LESSONS FROM MANY SOURCES
Following are additional lessons to extend your students' understanding of the history and ramifications of Brown v. Board of Education. (Image below courtesy of Joe Wolf via Flickr.)
Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan: Documents Related to Brown v. Board of Education
Use primary source material from the National Archives to learn about the 14th Amendment, primarily the equal protection clause, as well as the powers of the Supreme Court under Article III of the U.S. Constitution. (Grades 6-12)
From Jim Crow To Linda Brown: A Retrospective of the African-American Experience from 1897 to 1953
Simulate the Afro-American Council Meeting in 1898. Create a similar meeting of the Afro-American Council prior to the Brown case in 1954. (Grades 8-12)
Integrating Central High: The Melba Patillo Story
Read the story of one of the "Little Rock Nine." Imagine yourself in Melba's shoes. Think about being in a situation in which you are fighting to change the way things have always been. (Grades 5-7)
Brown v. the Board of Education
This activity booklet provides a summary and background for teachers, plus activities for young students. The background section can be used as a teaching tool for students in grades 3-up. (Grades 2-8)
Dialogue on Brown v. Board of Education
This resource from the American Bar Association (ABA) provides questions for starting a dialogue about what has been required -- and what has been achieved -- in pursuit of the goal of "equal protection for all Americans."
From Plessy v. Ferguson to Brown v. Board of Education: The Supreme Court Rules on School Desegregation
Study the history of school desegregation legislation. Should the United States government legislate desegregation? Is racial mixing desirable and/or necessary in our educational system? (Grades 9-12)
School Desegregation and Prejudice in the United States
This unit offers a variety of activities that can be used as a whole or modified to fit a particular classroom situation. (Grade 5-8)
Segregation Before Brown
Create a color-coded map to illustrate segregation in the United States. Consider reasons for regional differences in segregation practices. (Grades 4-8)
- Brown v. Board of Education Timeline
The National Archives offers this resource tracing the events leading to the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
- School Integration: Introduction
This teacher-created resource looks at four communities' responses to Brown v. Board.
- Remembering Jim Crow
Read personal histories of segregation to get insight into what it was like.
- Brown v. Board of Education
The National Center for Public Policy Research provides this complete text of the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education ruling.