and W.E.B. Dubois to the subjugation (enslavement)of the African-American at this time.- Booker T. Washington- Educated blacks in Liberal Arts at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Believed that whites should help blacks with education and job training until they could prove themselves to be “economically worthy”. Until then, the blacks should accommodate to segregation. Unfortunately, the jobs he trained people for were denied by white society. (Tried but no real success)- W.E.B. Dubois- First black man to graduate from Harvard with a doctorate degree. Cofounded NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) in 1910. This group tried to restore political and social rights for AAs. Similar:Both believed that whites should assist blacks with advancement. 5) Discuss the goals and tactics of the Civil Rights movement after the WWII. Discuss the changing response of the federal government to the demands for equal rights in the South. Given fierce resistance of the white South and limited commitment of both Republican and Democratic administrations, how can you account for African-American success in achieving civil and political rights.After WWII, the Civil Rights movement tried to bring equality for all people. The governments tried to bring equal rights, but did not fully succeed for the most part.
The primary difference was the degree of amnesty and leniency to be extended to the former Confederacy. President Abraham Lincoln's position was that as President he had the pardon power and the obligation to enforce the law, therefore Reconstruction was up to him. Republican members of Congress disagreed; they said that since Congress was charged under the Constitution with guaranteeing every state a Republican form of government, it had the sole power of reconstructing the South.
As early as April, 1863, even before the war had ended, Lincoln proposed his "ten per cent plan" which called for the states in rebellion to form a new government when ten percent of those eligible to vote in the 1860 election swore and oath of allegiance to the U.S. in exchange for a presidential pardon. Excluded from the plan were former Confederate government military officers and government officials, particularly those who had left federal government posts to join the Confederacy. Lincoln was opposed by a group of Republicans determined to reconstruct the South in the image of the North. They were known as "radical republicans." They pushed through Congress the Wade Davis Bill which provided that the southern states could form a new government only after a majority of male citizens swore an oath of past loyalty to the Union, and any new state constitutions must abolish slavery and repudiate Confederate debt. Lincoln pocket vetoed the measure, so it never became law.
Lincoln was assassinated shortly after the end of the war, and Andrew Johnson's position was somewhat similar to Lincoln's. He said that
there is no such thing as reconstruction; Those states have not gone out of the Union. Therefore, reconstruction is not necessary
He was opposed by two prominent Radical Republicans: Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania who said that the former confederate states were now "conquered provinces," and Charles Sumner of Massachusetts who said that the confederate states had committed political suicide and reverted to the status of unorganized territories.
The controversy continued well into Andrew Johnson's presidency, resulting in a failed attempt to remove him from office. It was complicated by refusal of those in the North and South to consider compromise.