For a student to participate in the western world of academics, it is essential they know the basics of the 5-paragraph essay. Organizing thoughts into an outline and then putting them into this formula is a specific skill that must be taught and practiced for students to master.
It is even more important to have a strong command of this form for students who want to apply for study abroad programs or work in Europe or the United States. I wrote this lesson plan while helping students prepare for the Future Leaders Exchange (FLEX) exam so they could have a better shot at becoming one of the amazing 60 or so students from Kyrgyzstan who spend an academic year at a US high school.
The following is a lesson plan for introducing and practicing the basics of the 5-paragraph essay. As always, it should be modified to meet the specific needs of your students.
Lesson Plan – The 5-paragraph Essay
Objectives: Students will be able to write a 200-250 word essay using 5-paragraph form to include 1) An attention grabbing introduction 2) A thesis listing 3 reasons 3) 3 paragraphs with 3 reasons being the topic sentences 4) A conclusion that restates the introduction using different words.
- Give students a straight-forward topic, like, “My favorite singer” or “Why I want to go to America.”
- Brainstorm and list many reasons why they like this particular singer, or why they want to go to America. Emphasize specific reasons.
- Have students complete the following chart to help them with the form and reasons. “My favorite singer is __Avril Lavigne__ because 1) __she is edgy__ 2) __she doesn’t take crap from anyone__ 3) __when I play her music all the cute girls gather around__”
- Explain the word “detail” (story, statistic, example, anecdote, supporting information) and brainstorm together a couple details for one of the reasons.
- Write the outline above on the board and have students copy into their notebooks.
- Provide a sample essay. Students must: a) Identify and underline the thesis; b) Number the reasons within the thesis; c) Number and underline the reasons in the topic sentences; and d)Number the reasons in the conclusion. Go over these one at a time and elicit answers from students. If students need help, have them work in pairs or small groups before providing answers.
- Students complete an outline for the sample essay.
- Students check their partners’ outline and match it against the elements in the example.
- Students write a practice essay. (For homework.)
Lesson notes: Learning to write essays using the 5-paragraph technique takes lots of practice. Students should have many opportunities to sit down with the teacher one-on-one to discuss outlines and critique writing tasks. I have found this lesson to be more successful if you first spend lots of time only writing outlines. Slowly build on thesis, reasons, details, introduction, conclusion and transitions. It helps to assign a topic every lesson (or day) and then the next day working in pairs, students can critique each others’ essays underlining and labeling the elements of the 5-paragraph essay. Lastly, please, for the love of learning, and all that is good and bright in the world, add your own personality and above all, humor to your teaching. Just like how our essays should be interesting in order to be memorable, the more enjoyable your lesson, the more the students will get out of it.
Topic ideas to assign as homework:
- Describe a time you were a leader and give examples.
- If I were a banana, I would…
- If I don’t like my host mother’s food, I will…
- You are home alone and you accidentally break the coffee table. What do you do?
- The three most important people are…
For the FLEX test particularly, it’s necessary to stress to students the importance of being original, unique, and outgoing while showing a flavor of critical-thinking in their writing. FLEX recruiters are going to read a billion of these essays and students need to stand out to have a shot at a year in America.
5-paragraph essay outline
- Be interesting!
- Be unique! The reader should remember this.
- 2-3 sentences
- Write the topic and give your opinion using 3 reasons.
- “I think XYZ is good because 1)… 2)… 3)… ”
- 3 paragraphs (3-5 sentences each)
- Reason 1
- Detail (example, story, anecdote, statistic)
- Reason 2
- Reason 3
- Write the introduction and thesis again using different words
- “In conclusion, you can see that XYZ is very good because…”
Sample 5-paragraph essay
Topic: What will you do when you get back from the United States?
Studying in America will be an amazing experience, but I will also be very excited to come home. Of course I will miss my family. But I also am excited to meet my friends and tell them all about America! When I come back from the United states I will help lead an American Culture club, show videos of high school life and help Access students.
Leading an American Culture club will teach students about new things. I want to share new music and lead a hip-hop dance club. I went to many dances at my school in America and it was so fun! My dance group in America wants to keep in touch with us and we will record videos and send them to each other.
I took many videos of my high school in America. I want to show my school their cafeteria, their classrooms and the gymnasium. I know we can make some changes to our school to make it even better.
Access students learn American culture, but they don’t have a chance to visit, so I will help teach Access students English through American culture lessons. We will listen to songs and write letters to students in America. It is a good chance to learn English from native speakers!
After I come back from America I will be so happy to see my family and friends again! But I know I will miss my place in the United States too. I will be able to keep in touch with my friends in America and teach my friends new things by leading clubs, showing videos and helping with Access.
What ideas do you have for teaching the 5-paragraph essay? Write your suggestions below in the comments!
Five Paragraph EssayHome › Writing › Paragraph › Five Paragraph Essay
You will be amazed at how eagerly your students will take to this five paragraph essay lesson. I guarantee that they will beg to write (a little show and tell never hurts either!).
Organizing thoughts in expository writing (sometimes referred to as "explanatory writing") is difficult for children. Often they do not even understand that there is a different way to read these types of texts, let alone write them.
The five paragraph essay is a tool to aid beginning writers who are learning how to use transitions, opening, and closing paragraphs.
However, I also have used it for my middle school son and it made a world of difference for him.
He finally understood what it means to organize an essay. For kids who see things in black and white, this lesson is a life saver.
A Sample Five Paragraph Essay
This sample five paragraph essay lesson plan shows the students how to keep details together, write effective opening and closing paragraphs, and use transition words.
Crinkle crinkle! That's the sound of my All About Me bag opening. In my bag, I have three things: a flower, a map and a book. Each one of these things tells something special about me. Ready?
First, I have a flower. This flower is a daisy because that is my favorite type of flower. My mom always grows daisies out front in the summer. My dog likes them too, but he eats them and makes my mom really mad.
I also have a map in my bag. I have been to many different places in the world, like Germany and the Bahamas. My favorite place to go though, was Florida. I found a shark tooth on the beach!
Finally, I have a book. I love to read - my mom says I am voracious with books. Right now I am reading A-Z Mysteries. I didn't even know I would like mysteries until I started this series. I think most kids in second grade would love this series.
Of course there are lots of other things that are important about me, but those are my favorite ones. Now I would love to know more about you. Do you have three things you can share? I can't wait to read about you!
This student used a five paragraph essay outline, included transition words, had effective opening and closing sentences, utilized new vocabulary and learned about how colons help writers to list information.
Whew! That's a lot for an 8 year old…or is it?
How to Teach the Five Paragraph Essay
Send home a note to parents attached to a paper bag.
- The note should explain that the students will be writing a five paragraph essay about themselves.
- They will need to bring three objects to school with them that tells more about who they are.
- All objects should fit into the bag, do not send anything valuable, and they will be returned after the writing is complete.
- When the bags do come in, be sure to tell the students not to share what is in them. It's a secret!
Note: Get your own bag ready with three things. You will need it to do a guided writing experience with the students on Day One.
Download these graphic organizers with Five Paragraph Essay Writing (they follow the Stoplight Writing Method)
Primary - very basic
Day One: Introduce Paragraph Writing.
Take the students to your writing area, and tell them you brought your own bag to share with them.
Begin by writing an introduction (in GREEN if you are using Stoplight Writing) that will hook the readers.
When you get to the line: "In my bag, I have three things:" be sure to point out the use of the colon and how it designates a list. The students will write their supporting details in the same order as the list.
Open your bag with a flourish. The bag is the introduction. The objects inside are the details, or body of the essay.
You are showing them the GREEN.
After this, you are ready to start the first YELLOW.
Take out the first object.
This is the topic sentence for the first paragraph.
Using RED, write two supporting sentences that go with the object. These are the details.
- After you have written the second paragraph, put the object back in the bag.
- Tell the students you put it back in the bag because you are finished writing about it.
- Ask them what you should write about next - yes, the second object you listed after the colon back in the introduction. Take that one out of the bag.
Follow the same procedure for writing the third and fourth paragraphs.
When you are ready for the closing paragraph, close up the bag dramatically and tell the students that since the bag is closed, you cannot write anything more about what is inside the bag.
This is a key concept for students to understand about how details are not found in the opening and closing paragraphs in an essay.
The closing paragraph is about wrapping it all up effectively, like a present. I like to call this a "circle sentence."
- Go back to the first paragraph.
- Point out your beginning sentence, and show the students how to write a similar sentence in the last paragraph. By repeating a sentence that was already used, this gives students a way to anchor the idea of how to close a piece of writing.
- You will write your closing paragraph in GREEN (Stoplight Writing).
You should also find some time to do a mini-lesson on Transition Words. Transition words are like bridges in a five paragraph essay, and the students will need guidance to anchor this process.
Day Two: Guided Writing
This is a Guided Writing experience, and students will need their bags.
You will write a five paragraph essay with the students, leaving blanks for them to fill in. I like to give the kids Green, Yellow and Red strips of paper to write on.
This will provide a kinesthetic writing experience for them. Older students can do it with an outline such as this one, or use markers to underline as they write.
Here's how it can look:
Do you want to know some secret things about me? In my bag, I have three things: _________, __________, __________. Each one of these tells something special about me.
For older students, you can allow them more choice with words and sentence structure. Younger kids need more teacher guidance, and just learning about using a colon as an organizational tool is enough.
Next, instruct the students to take out their first listed object and place it on their desk. They will write one Yellow sentence about the object, such as:
First, I brought a ___________.
Then, the students will write two Red sentences, which tell more about the Yellow sentence. Again, guide the writing of the sentences, but this time, instead of copying from you, they will need to add two of their own sentences. Guide them with questions such as, "Where did you get this?" "Who gave it to you?" "Is it part of a collection?" "How does this make you feel?"
Day Three: Review and Guided Writing
Begin Day Three by reviewing yesterday's lesson. Have the students read what they wrote, taking out their first object as they read about it, and get ready for the next paragraph.
You will follow the same procedure for their bags as you did for Day Two. For each object, take it out of the bag, write a Yellow sentence, write two Red (detail) sentences, and then put it down.
You can end Day Three here if you are short on time, or move on to Day Four, the closing paragraph.
Day Four: Finishing Up
Now it is time to write the closing paragraph of your Five Paragraph Essay. This will be in Green.
After the students review what they have written so far and taken the objects out of their bags, instruct them to put them back into their bags and close them up.
Remind the students that by closing the bags they are showing that there will be no more sentences about the objects - we will not be mixing up details with the opening and closing paragraphs.
Go back to the first sentence, "Do you want to know some secret things about me?"
Talk with the kids about how that sentence can be re-worded, such as "Now my three things aren't really a secret!" or "Sigh…that's the end of my secrets!"
Explain that these are "Circle Sentences," when sentences repeat the same idea but use different words. Give them some choices of sentences to write, or let them do their own if they are able.
And there it is - Stoplight Writing. It is definitely a long process, but it is excellent explicit teaching.
Try using some of these topics, prompts or writing activities after your kids have mastered the five paragraph essay!